The image above shows the percentage of population that is ethnically Russian

Multieithnic states- states that have many ethnicities. The U.S. is multiethnic but we all consider ourselves to be of one nationality.

Mutlinational state- some countries, on the other hand are multiethnic but the differing ethnic groups want self-determination in some form which makes them nations and now this country is multinational. Russia (formerly the USSR) is perhaps the largest example of this.

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Link to larger picture(external link)
Breaking apart USSR
When the USSR fell at the end of the cold war, many of the nations broke off and formed their own countries
- three Baltic countries of Estonia Latvia and Lithuania
- three in eastern Europe: Belarus, Moldova, and Ukraine
-5 central Asian Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikstan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan
-three in the Caucasus: Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia
-and then Russia

Each one of these new countries formed because these were areas filled with people who felt ethnically different from Russians and who wanted self-determination (hence they were nations).

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Russia is multinational
Even with all of these breakaways, Russia is still the largest multinational state.
-Russia officially recognizes 39 nationalities
-20 percent of the countries population is non-Russian


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Chechnya
After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the area where the Chechen, a group of ethnically linked Sunni Muslims, lived tried to break away.

After two wars, they are still part of Russia

Russian federal control was restored during the Second Chechen War. Since then there has been a systematic reconstruction and rebuilding process, though sporadic fighting continues in the mountains and southern regions of the republic.

Other Examples of Multinational States

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United Kingdom- In addition to the area that has traditionally been England, this state contains Wales and the Welsh people, Scotland which was made part of England in the 16-1700s and northern Ireland which is the last remnant of British control over Ireland (they had conquered all of Ireland earlier). Note: each of these areas have their own soccer teams in the World Cup.

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Canada Canada contains many provinces some of which want break away. Quebec is the main example of this. The Quebecois, French Canadians, feel themselves to be culturally different from the rest of Canada. It is the only Canadian province with a predominantly French-speaking population and the only one whose sole official language is French at the provincial level. They even made laws to reinforce their language in their province. At one time, they even made it law that only French could be seen from the street scape.

About 40% of Quebecers support the idea of either full sovereignty (completely separating from Canada and forming an independent state) or of sovereignty-association with the rest of Canada, which would entail the sharing of some institutional and governmental responsibilities with the federal government in a manner similar to how the European Union shares a common currency and various other services.


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Spain
Distinct cultural groups within Spain include the Basques, Catalans, Galicians and Castilians, between others.

African Countries
Many of the states in Africa have many ethnic groups (tribalism). This happened in part because the boundaries were drawn by the Europeans at the Berlin Conference. In some countries, the tribal, ethnic differences go along with religious differences and can be a source of conflict.

Nigeria is a classic example of an African country with several tribes, differing religions and ethnic tension created as a result of this.

Note: the differing languages correlate to differing tribes
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Note: Sharia law is a religious interpretation of the laws according to the Islamic religion
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