Major Global Migration Patterns
Global Migration shows the importance of migration from less developed countries to more developed countries. Migration from relatively low income and high natural interest rate head for wealthy countries, where jobs are prospect and brighter. Asia, Latin America, and Africa have net out-migration, whereas North America, Europe, and Oceania have a net-in migration.

The largest flows of global migration are
  • to Europe from Asia and
  • to North America from Asia and from Latin America.

The US includes 30 million individuals born in other countries. Nearly one-half of them were born in Latin America and one-fourth each in Asia and Europe. More than half of the Latin American immigrants come from Mexico. Other countries with large number of immigrants is Australia, Canada, France, Germany, India, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, and the UK.



European Colonization
Among the greatest human migration was the flow from Europe to the Americas.

  • The British went to North America, Austria, New Zealand, and South Africa. From Spain and Portugal, many hundreds of thousands of Europeans emigrated to Middle and South America. Early Europeans colonial settlements grew, even in coastal areas of present day Angola, Kenya, and Indonesia.
  • The rate of European emigration increased sharply in 1835 until 1935, with perhaps as many as 75 million departing for colonies in Africa and Asia, and for economic opportunities in the Americas, even though millions eventually returned to their homeland. The net outflow from Europe was enormous, as evidenced of the number of Canadians and American of Europeans ancestry.

  • Several Migration Streams Here: Europe to America, Spain and Portugal to the Americas, and then England to South Africa, Australia, and New Zealand


European Forced Migration - Africa and India
  • America was also the destination for African slaves, being among the very first non-American Indian settlers in the country. Even as the Atlantic slave trade was in progress, the European impact was generating over major migration as well.
  • The British, who tool control over South Asia, transported ten of thousands of “indentured” workers from present-day India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka to East and South Africa and parts of Latin America. Today people of Indian ancestry from substantial minorities in South Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, until their forced migration from Uganda in the country as well. Their disproportionate share of commerce and wealth is now a major source of their ethnic friction.

Other Important Streams
Russia: In order to control the entire country, Communist leaders sent Russians around to the eastern parts of the multi-national country to ensure control

China: Chinese population went to southeast Asia which is why there is an alien commercial zone of Chinese in the southeast Asian city model. It is in part because of migration and, in part, because of the economic power and trade done by businesses in tht region with China

America: The movement from east to west in America. This is documented in the America migration article.

Global Trend of Regional Migration to Islands of Development
Regional migration is often based on economic opportunities. Europeans colonialism helped establish islands of development thought the world.

Definition:
Island of development are places within a region or state where most foreign investment goes. Where the vast majority of paying jobs are located and where infrastructure is concentrated

Studying migration in a regional scale show different results than that of a global scale.

For example, within the region of West Africa, the oil-producing areas of Nigeria are islands of development. In the mid-1970s, poor people in Togo, Benin, Ghana, and the northern regions of Nigeria, were lured to the coast for short-term jobs while the oil company was good. The migrants young male mostly, worked hard until the oil economy took a fall in the early 1980s and Nigerian government sees that foreign workers were no longer needed, thus pushing out 2 million workers forcibly.