Wiki Livestock Ranching

Cattle Ranching

  • Done over an extensive area
  • In MDCs, it is practiced on land where vegetation is too sparse or land too poor for vegetation
  • First brought to the US by Columbus
  • Spaniards and Portuguese taught it to the US citizens
  • Expanded due to the demand for beef on the east coast back in the 1860s
  • At that time, slaughtered in Chicago
  • Trains made access to distant markets possible
  • cattle trails were from grazing areas to the nearest rail line to ship them to market
  • US government made land private and farmers and cattlemen fought over land in the 1800s
  • Today cattle companies lease land form the US for grazing (60%)

More Commercial Today

  • Previously used longhorn cattle which were susceptible to disease and the meat was not as good as today
  • They switched to Hereford cattle which required fixed location
  • These cattle could not survive long trail trips but their meat was better and they were less prone to getting diseasesli>
  • Slaughterhouses are now closer to the grazing areas (also cheap labor and land out there as opposed to Chicago)
  • Today it is more corporate in terms of ownership
  • Today cattle are fattened before slaughter and do not go out to graze as much