Wiki Local Food Movement

Local Food Definition

Local food (also regional food or food patriotism) or the local food movement is a "collaborative effort to build more locally based, self-reliant food economies - one in which sustainable food production, processing, distribution, and consumption is integrated to enhance the economic, environmental and social health of a particular place" and is considered to be a part of the broader sustainability movement.

Local - Fresh and Often Organic

Local food systems are an alternative to the global corporate models where producers and consumers are separated through a chain of processors/manufacturers, shippers and retailers.

  • The food is more likely to be fresh and not processed.
  • Often includes farmer's markets and possibly food co-ops and community gardens.

Local and Not Processed

As large corporations and supermarket distribution increasingly dominate the organic food market, the concept of local food, and sometimes 'sustainable food', is increasingly being used by independent farmers and food activists. Because local food tends to be fresh (or minimally processed) the bias against processed food is often at least implicit in the local food argument. Also implicit in the argument for local foods is the idea that this would also create variation. Each area would have its own foods and would have those things which are good for the local environment. This would be environmentally sustainable.

MDC Farms

  • Factory farms (meat)
  • Farm size = megafarms (monoculture)
  • Synthetic, chemical fertilizers
  • Hormones
  • GMOs
  • Suitcase farmers
  • Industrial agriculture
  • Commercial - Agribusiness
  • Truck farms
  • Low percentage of people farm
  • Corporate farms are less likely to practice sensitive land management

Regional Farming

    Africa
  • Highest percentage of subsistence farmers
  • Water issues
  • Politically unstable
  • Landlocked
  • Lack of Protein

  • Asia and Latin America
  • Benefitted from Green Rev
  • Increasingly urban and increasingly corporate (more Latin Am)
  • Increasing meat consumption - ranching in southern South America

  • America
  • High meat consumption
  • High calorie consumption
  • Processed foods and Corporate farms
  • Food is a low percentage of the average income

  • Japan and Europe
  • More meat than LDCs but more fish than America consumes

Problems with Agriculture in LDC

    Why do the LDCs have problems with developing farms
  • Malthus and Neo-Malthusian ideas apply
  • Water, desertification, resource crisis issues
  • Politically unstable (Africa)
  • Disease in some countries
  • Rural and a lack of infrastructure
  • Green Rev did not apply to Africa
  • Lack of a middle class with money / ability to finance farm development in some countries
  • Corruption within their governments